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Biological control with regard to animals and weeds


  • Bernard, J. , Latteur, G. & Pelerents, C. (1979). Biological control with regard to animals and weeds. Revue de l'Agriculture, 32: (2),
Type Journal Article
Year 1979
Title Biological control with regard to animals and weeds
Journal Revue de l'Agriculture
Recnumber 173
Volume 32
Issue 2
Endnote Keywords biological control|tomatoes|cucumbers|aubergines|pest control|GREENHOUSES|reviews|pests|vegetables|control|natural enemies|entomopathogens|pathogens|agricultural entomology|Schizomycetes|cucurbits|
Abstract The concept and use of biological control, with reference mainly to arthropod and plant pests of agricultural crops, is discussed in general, with sections on vertebrate and arthropod predators; mite, insect, nematode, protozoan and plant parasites (which include viral, bacterial and fungal diseases); the practical application of biological control, with indications of some of the difficulties involved in rearing and releasing or transferring natural enemies or pathogens of pests, whether to augment the natural populations or to introduce new beneficial organisms from other countries; and the control of weeds, whether by means of insects or by diseases. The authors then concentrate on biological control with reference to agriculture in Belgium, with numerous examples of named species, reviewing the application of Bacillus thuringiensis against injurious Lepidoptera and of Entomophthora fungi against mites and aphids on cucurbits; the use of sterilised males of the pest to control their own species; the integration of biological with chemical control in market-gardens in such a way as to reduce the number of chemical applications needed and to avoid killing the predators and parasites; and the application of biological control on tomato, cucumber, pepper [Capsicum] and eggplant in the greenhouse, which is almost impossible because of the multiplicity of pests present, since natural enemies that can be reared and released have not been found for all the pests, and application of chemical insecticides against some pests tends to kill the arthropod parasites or predators of the others.
Notes Cited Reference Count: 16 ref. Journal article French
Author address Station de Zoologie Appliquee, B 5800 Gembloux, Belgium.
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Authors Bernard, J. , Latteur, G. & Pelerents, C.