Functional agrobiodiversity in apple and pear pest management in Belgium


  • Jamar, L. , Janghoon, S. , Lambert, K. , Pahaut, B. , Fauche, F. , Rondia, A. , Choi, J. & Lateur, M. (2016). Functional agrobiodiversity in apple and pear pest management in Belgium. Ugent, Ilvo, Fnrs, Giraf. Proceedings in: 5th Belgian Agroecology Meeting - Bridging gaps between principles and practices in Agro-ecology, Gent, 20th September 2016, UGent - ILVO, 37-39.
Type Conference Proceedings
Year of conference 2016
Title Functional agrobiodiversity in apple and pear pest management in Belgium
Editor Ugent, Ilvo, Fnrs, Giraf
Conference name 5th Belgian Agroecology Meeting - Bridging gaps between principles and practices in Agro-ecology
Conference location Gent
Publisher UGent - ILVO
Edition Proceedings 5th Belgian Agroecology Meeting, http://www.bam.ugent.be, BAM 2016
Volume 5th Belgian Agroecology Meeting
Pages 37-39
Label U2-Jamar L.-2016
conference Date 20th September 2016
Endnote keywords Research project, Eco-Orchard, CORE Organic+ FP7 ERANET
Endnote Keywords apple, agrobiodiversity, beneficials, flower strip, agroforestery, organic farming
Abstract In the framework of both ‘Eco-Orchard’ CORE Organic+ FP7 ERA NET project, and a research project with financial support of the Rural Development Administration (RDA) of the Republic of Korea, a study started in 2015 with as first aim to compare during two growing seasons, the type and abundance of beneficials in Belgium orchards under conventional and organic production systems applying different Functional AgroBiodiversity (FAB) techniques. The second aim of this study is to collect the existing information about FAB and its management techniques to improve knowledge and practical experience between scientists, advisors and owners of the fruit orchards. The final aim of this study focus on the co-design and establishment of innovative fruit-based agroforestry cropping systems, including the best registered FAB techniques, in order to conduct a long-term sustainability study of such systems. The first results concerning relationship between beneficial’s and FAB techniques, show that (i) beneficial’s are more abundant (x 3.1) in organic compared to conventional orchards and (ii) the diversity of beneficial are significantly higher (x 2.2) in organic compared to conventional orchards. A total of 34 techniques have been described. The most Functional Agro-Biodiversity techniques, as ranked by farmers, are (i) flower strip, (ii) hedgerows, (iii) to reduce pesticides uses and (iv) to adapt interrow mowing. Concerning innovative fruit-based agroforestry cropping system, an experimental agroforestry orchard was planted in 2014 at Gembloux, Belgium with the aim of testing various hypotheses. (i) a mixture of selected robust fruit and vegetable cultivars creates a functional biodiversity that significantly reduces the risk of pest and disease damages; (ii) the useful impact on soil functions and biological processes; and (iii) where distances between vegetables and trees in intensified alley-cropping systems are optimized, tree shading does not reduce light levels below the threshold of light saturation.
File Functional agrobiodiversity in apple and pear pest management in Belgium
Authors Jamar, L., Janghoon, S., Lambert, K., Pahaut, B., Fauche, F., Rondia, A., Choi, J., Lateur, M.