Adapting Apple Ideotypes to Low-Input Fruit Production Agro-Ecosystems,


  • Parisi, L. , Jamar, L. , Lateur, M.. , Laurens, F. & Lauri, P.E.. (2014). Adapting Apple Ideotypes to Low-Input Fruit Production Agro-Ecosystems, In: Organic farming, Prototype for Sustainable Agricultures. Stéphane Bellon, Servane Penvern, INRA Avignon France. Springer, 466.
Type Book Section
Year 2014
Chapter title Adapting Apple Ideotypes to Low-Input Fruit Production Agro-Ecosystems,
Book title Organic farming, Prototype for Sustainable Agricultures.
Editor Stéphane Bellon, Servane Penvern, INRA Avignon France
Publisher Springer
Label U2_Jamar_2014
Edition INRA Edition
Pages 466
Isbn 978-94-007-7926-6
Endnote Keywords Apple breeding, cultural practices, pest and disease control, integrated fruit production (IFP), low-input systems, Malus x domestica, organic fruit production (OFP), sustainable orchard.
Abstract Current commercial apple growing is highly dependent on off-farm inputs and it is urgent to develop new strategies to remedy this situation. The challenge for the future is to achieve lower-input apple orchards, whether under Integrated Fruit Production (IFP) or Organic Fruit Production (OFP) systems. This paper analyses the different agronomic factors playing key roles both in the current and future ‘More Sustainable Orchard’, with particular attention on plant protection. Firstly, the concept of ‘ideotype’ is developed emphasizing the most important characteristics of optimal ideotypes for apple. Secondly, current knowledge on the relationships between genotype, cultural practices and the environment is presented and discussed. This paper is dealing with properties that need to be combined at plant material and orchard levels to optimize the IFP and OFP low-input systems. The focus is on (a) the main characteristics of apple ideotypes, (b) breeding strategies, and (c) adapted cultural practices and control measures in the orchards.
Author address Luciana Parisi -INRA Avignon France
Fichier Adapting Apple Ideotypes to Low-Input Fruit Production Agro-Ecosystems,
Authors Parisi, L., Jamar, L., Lateur, M.., Laurens, F., Lauri, P.E..