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A three-year field study on the short-term effects of insecticides used to control cereal aphids on plant-dwelling aphid predators in winter wheat


  • Jansen, J.P. (2000). A three-year field study on the short-term effects of insecticides used to control cereal aphids on plant-dwelling aphid predators in winter wheat. Pest Management Science, 56: (6), 533-539.
Type Journal Article
Year 2000
Title A three-year field study on the short-term effects of insecticides used to control cereal aphids on plant-dwelling aphid predators in winter wheat
Journal Pest Management Science
Label Jansen 2000 tap 513
Recnumber 143
Volume 56
Issue 6
Pages 533-539
Endnote Keywords insecticides|predators|chemical control|wheat|antagonists|cyfluthrin|deltamethrin|esfenvalerate|fluvalinate|phosalone|pirimicarb|insect control|prey|nontarget effects|cereals|natural enemies|pesticides|agricultural entomology|
Abstract Short-term effects of six insecticides used to control aphids were assessed in wheat on plant-dwelling aphid predators. Products were applied to small plots of winter wheat in June or at the beginning of July and the densities of predators were estimated three days after treatment using a beating method. Insecticides were tested in 1994, 1995 and 1997 at a single dose, corresponding to their maximum recommended field rate in Belgium. Fluvalinate and esfenvalerate did not significantly reduce catches of syrphid larvae compared to the control but ladybirds were affected by these compounds. Pirimicarb was the only product tested that had no effect on ladybirds. However, syrphid larvae appeared sensitive to this product. Cyfluthrin, deltamethrin and phosalone reduced catches of both syrphids and ladybirds. Populations of lacewing larvae were unaffected by any of the insecticide treatments. Syrphid larvae were the most abundant aphid predator and Episyrphus balteatus the most common species. Ladybirds (Coccinella septempunctata and Propylea quatuordecimpunctata) were less numerous and only a few Chrysoperla carnea larvae were recorded. These results indicate that products that are less toxic to syrphid larvae, like esfenvalerate and fluvalinate, may be preferable to other compounds to control cereal aphids in wheat in spring and early summer. However, other criteria, such as the effectiveness of the different aphid-specific predators, cost, efficacy of the treatment and side effects on other aphid antagonists (including parasitic hymenoptera and polyphagous predators) must also be taken into consideration.
Notes Cited Reference Count: 31 ref.Journal articleEnglish
Author address Laboratoire d'Ecotoxicologie, Department of Biological Control and Plant Genetic Resources, Agricultural Research Centre, Chemin de Liroux 2, 5030 Gembloux, Belgium.
Fichier A three-year field study on the short-term effects of insecticides used to control cereal aphids on plant-dwelling aphid predators in winter wheat
Authors Jansen, J.P.