Agro-physiological and biochemical responses of faba bean (Vicia faba L. var. ‘minor’) genotypes to water deficit stress


  • Abid, G. , Hessini, K. , Aouida, M. , Aroua, I. , Baudoin, J.P. , Muhovski, Y. , Mergeai, G. , Sassi, K. , Machraoui, M. , Souissi, F. & Jebara, M. (2017). Agro-physiological and biochemical responses of faba bean (Vicia faba L. var. ‘minor’) genotypes to water deficit stress. Biotechnol. Agron. Soc. Environ. 21: (2), 1-14.
Type Journal Article
Year 2017
Title Agro-physiological and biochemical responses of faba bean (Vicia faba L. var. ‘minor’) genotypes to water deficit stress
Journal Biotechnol. Agron. Soc. Environ.
Label U2-Muhovski 2017
Volume 21
Issue 2
Pages 1-14
Date 31 March 2017
Abstract Description of the subject. Drought is one of the major abiotic factors affecting growth and productivity of plants by imposing certain morphological, physiological and biochemical changes at different growth stages. Objectives. The objective of this work is to study key morphological, physiological and biochemical responses of faba bean (Vicia faba L. var. ‘minor’) to soil water deficit stress and to assess the contribution of genetic factors in improving faba bean tolerance to water deficit. Method. Plants of 11 faba bean cultivars were grown in the greenhouse and subjected to three levels of water deficit (90, 50 and 30% of field capacity [FC]) in a simple randomized design for 20 days. Water deficit effects on plant growth, relative water content (RWC), gas exchange, chlorophyll a (Chla) and chlorophyll b (Chlb) content, osmoprotectant accumulations (such as proline and soluble sugars), antioxidant enzyme activities and grain yield were determined. Results. Soil water deficit stress reduced growth and affected physiological parameters, especially antioxidant enzyme activities. Water deficit also increased proline, soluble sugars and protein contents. The studied cultivars significantly differed in their responses to water deficit stress. Photosynthetic parameters were less affected in the ‘Hara’ cultivar. Furthermore, this cultivar produced the highest value of grain yield at 30?, and showed higher antioxidant enzyme activities (CAT, GPX and APX), osmoprotectant accumulations, Chlb and RWC. The ‘Hara’ cultivar was found to be more tolerant to water deficit stress than the other cultivars. Conclusions. Our methodology can be used for assessing the response of faba bean genetic resources to soil water deficit. The identified tolerant cultivar can be utilized as a source for water stress tolerance in faba bean breeding programs aimed at improving drought tolerance.
Fichier Agro-physiological and biochemical responses of faba bean (Vicia faba L. var. ‘minor’) genotypes to water deficit stress
Authors Abid, G., Hessini, K., Aouida, M., Aroua, I., Baudoin, J.P., Muhovski, Y., Mergeai, G., Sassi, K., Machraoui, M., Souissi, F., Jebara, M.