Soil control on tradeoffs between silica and cellulose as structural component in sugarcane leaf (Saccharum officinarum) Les publications

  • de Tombeur, F. , Vanderlinden, C. , Durviaux, A. , Delvaux, B & Godin, B. (2019). Soil control on tradeoffs between silica and cellulose as structural component in sugarcane leaf (Saccharum officinarum). Geophysical Research Abstracts, 21:
Type Journal Article
Author de Tombeur, F.|Vanderlinden, C.|Durviaux, A.|Delvaux, B|Godin, B.
Year 2019
Title Soil control on tradeoffs between silica and cellulose as structural component in sugarcane leaf (Saccharum officinarum)
journal Geophysical Research Abstracts
Volume 21
Unit Unité biomasse, bioproduits et énergies
Unité technologies de la transformation des produits
Abstract Soil processes partly govern the terrestrial cycle of silicon (Si). The biological and physiological functions related to Si deposits in plants are increasingly studied. The understanding of tradeoffs between silicon and cellulose in leaf structure remains unclear and available studies are restricted to rice plants, mainly under controlled conditions. The soil processes underlying this tradeoff are, moreover, not inferred despite the well-known impact on Si bioavailability and soil-to-plant transfer. Here, we study the tradeoff between silica and cellulose in leaves of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) cropped on three different soils (Nitisol, Andosol, Vertisol). The soil CaCl2 extractable Si concentration, so-called bioavailable Si, was measured after extraction using CaCl2 solution (0.01M) for 6h. The total leaf Si concentration was determined after drying, calcination and further alkaline fusion followed by ash dissolution using concentrated HNO3. Plant silica bodies were physically extracted from sugarcane leaves through wet digestion. The leaves were observed and mapped for Si by ESEM-EDX. Leaf cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin concentrations were determined according to the Van Soest method. As expected, total leaf Si concentration increases with increasing soil CaCl2-extractable Si following the sequence NitisolAndosol>Nitisol). The occurrence of these soils is, however, intimately linked to largely distinct climatic conditions.
Image Abstract_Félix_EGU2019-381.pdf