An overview of the legislation and light microscopy for detection of Processed Animal Proteins in feeds
- Liu, X. , Han, L. , Veys, P. , Baeten, V. , Jiang, X. & Dardenne, P. (2011). An overview of the legislation and light microscopy for detection of Processed Animal Proteins in feeds. Microscopy Research and Technique, 74: (8), 735-743.
|An overview of the legislation and light microscopy for detection of Processed Animal Proteins in feeds
|Microscopy Research and Technique
|13 October 2010
|PAP|BSE|meat and bone meal|fish meal|
|From the first cases of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) among cattle in the United Kingdom in 1986, the route of infection of BSE is generally believed by means of feeds containing low level of processed animal proteins (PAPs). Therefore, many feed bans and alternative and complementary techniques were resulted for the BSE safeguards in the world. Now the feed bans are expected to develop into a ?species to species? ban, which requires the corresponding species-specific identification methods. Currently, banned PAPs can be detected by various methods as light microscopy, polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, near infrared spectroscopy, and near infrared microscopy. Light microscopy as described in the recent Commission Regulation EC/152/2009 is the only official method for the detection and characterization of PAPs in feed in the European Union. It is able to detect the presence of constituents of animal origin in feed at the level of 1 g/kg with hardly any false negative. Nevertheless, light microscopy has the limitation of lack of species specificity. This article presents a review of legislations on the use of PAPs in feedstuff, the detection details of animal proteins by light microscopy, and also presents and discusses the analysis procedure and expected development of the technique.
|Liu, X., Han, L., Veys, P., Baeten, V., Jiang, X., Dardenne, P.